Sinus Infection Help
 

Understanding Sinus Infection

Informative tips and help on sinus infection. Understand the causes, symptoms and treatment of sinusitis including how to use natural cure and home remedy to prevent sinus infections and acute sinusitis.

Sinusitis or sinus infection is a lingering troublesome ailment which ultimately tells on the general health. Sinus infection symptoms are very similar to that of the common cold and viral influenza. Because of this, many people are not even aware that they are suffering from sinus infections until their condition has turned into chronic sinus infections.

What Are Paranasal Sinuses?

There are 4 pairs of paranasal sinuses within our skull. They are the maxillary sinuses which are located behind the cheekbones below the eyes; the ethmoid sinuses located between the eyes; the frontal sinuses in the forehead above the eyebrows and the sphenoid sinuses are located behind the ethmoids in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes.

What Is A Sinus Infection?

Sinus infection refers to the condition whereby the mucosal lining of the sinuses is inflamed.

The sinuses are cavities and inside these cavities are mucosal linings. The lining of the sinuses provides a very important and essential function in that they protect the body from dust, pollens, other foreign matter and pathogens in the air we breathe.

The surface of this lining is made up of soft membrane-like tissues which is densely populated with microscopic hair-like cilia. The cilia act like oars to drain the mucus produced naturally by the body. These mucus, together with trapped allergens and pathogens, are then flushed out to the stomach via the back of the throat.

This is the way your body prevents bacteria load from building up within the nasal passages. Healthy and proper cilia function is essential for optimum nasal health. When mucociliary function becomes dysfunctional, inflammation of the mucous membranes results and sinus obstruction caused by abnormal secretions of mucus within the sinus cavities lead to an increased pressure. This then translates into pain and discomfort.

Our body's natural defences in the nose reacts to bacterial or virus intrusion by forming extra mucus. If this extra mucus production cannot drain off efficiently, they tend to block the natural ventilation through the sinuses. The result is an infection caused by these bacteria and virus proliferating in a conducive environment. Hence the term sinus infection.

Sinus Infection Symptoms

The abnormal amount of mucus production leads to increased episodes of post nasal drip. Increased post-nasal drip activity is one of the significant sinus symptoms to be aware of.

Normally, the human body hosts bacteria like streptococcus and the like with no adverse effects.

It is only when the body's natural defences are low that these pathogens get an upper hand.

People suffering from fungal infections, allergic reactions to certain types of food and drugs, related illnesses such as bronchitis, asthma and HIV, have a higher chance of sinusitis recurring.

So, can sinus infection cause you pain and discomfort? The answer is, undoubtedly, yes! Sinus infection symptoms include puffy eyes and early morning sinus headache in the frontal sinus region and area between the eyes. Soreness and tenderness in the areas below the eye sockets are common.

Many will also feel discomfort and pain in the region between the eyes. Sinus pressure, sinus headache and sinus pain are commonly used terms to describe such discomfort.

Sinus infection affects nearly 37 million Americans annually. Some people may be born with a predisposition towards sinus infection, whereas other people could develop it after an accident or surgery which changes the anatomy of the nose.

Diagnosing Sinus Infections

Correspondingly, millions of dollars are spent in search for a long-term effective treatment. Today, ENT specialists utilize a procedure known as Nasal Endoscopy to diagnose sinus infection. This involves inserting a flexible fiber-optic tube with a light and camera at its tip into the nose to examine the nasal passages and sinuses. If the condition is deemed acute or chronic, an x-ray or CT scan of the sinuses may be called as well.

Sinus Infection Treatment

Sinus infection treatment options for mild cases of sinus infection include decongestants, pain killers and sinus infection antibiotics. In chronic cases, doctors will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroid nasal sprays together with oral corticosteroids.

For young children, the usage of steroids has to be monitored closely for it can inhibit their growth if taken for long periods. Surgery is undertaken as a last recourse. Home remedies for sinus infection consist of inhalation of steam, saline nasal flushes and hot compresses placed on the forehead and facial region.

Precautions When You Have A Sinus Infection

Do not swim where the pools have much chlorine in them during a sinus infection.

Air travel during an attack of sinusitis can be extremely uncomfortable and should be avoided if possible, otherwise eustachian tube dysfunction could result.

The bottom line is to lead a temperate life breathing in clean, fresh air and daily cleansing of the sinus passages through nasal irrigation which happens to be the most effective sinus infection home remedy adopted by millions worldwide. This should effectively help in the control of recurring sinus infections.